Когда читала и переводила статьи о фотографе Мартине Франк, не могла не обратить внимания на портреты юных тулку (Tulku, форма проявления Будды в обыденном мире; тибетцы называют тулку также ринпоче, драгоценность), которые считаются реинкарнациями великих духовных наставников. А среди тулку – на мальчика европейской наружности. Выходцы из христианской культуры, нашедшие себя и свой путь в буддизме, вызывают мой живой интерес и пиетет.
Сейчас смотрю док. фильм «Открытие буддизма» (там, кстати, в заставке мелькает этот мальчик – в процессе буддийских диспутов), попутно ищу в Сети пояснения и дополнительную информацию – о терминологии, об участниках. И случайно наткнулась на статью о том самом испанце.
Его родители – испанцы по происхождению, - были учениками Ламы Тубтена Еше (Lama Thubten Yeshe).
Мальчик родился [в 1985 году], не причинив матери никаких родильных болей [мимоходом упоминается подобный случай – безболезненные роды, во сне! – когда появился доктор Девид Снайдер (Dr. David N. Snyder), которого тулку признавать не стали].
Вскоре Ёсэл Хита Торрес (Osel Hita Torres) – так назвали новорожденного испанца, - был признан тулку:
«В 1989 году с одобрения родителей-испанцев 4-летний Хита был признан реинкарнацией одного из создателей Фонда, Тубтена Еше (монахи видели вещие сны, получено благословение Далай-Ламы, а сверх того мальчик вспомнил цвет автомобиля умершего ламы)».
Интересно, что «лама Ёсэл» - пятый из шести детей испанской пары; имена всех детей отражают, по-видимому, увлечение родителей тибетским учением: Еше, Гармония, Лобсанг, Долма, потом Осэл, и младший – КунКуен.
source: In 1986, when Osel was just over one year old, His Holiness the Dalai Lama confirmed Lama Zopa Rinpoche’s observations that Osel, son of Lama Yeshe’s students, María Torres and Francisco Hita, was the unmistaken reincarnation of FPMT’s founder, Lama Yeshe.
Osel was enthroned in March 1987 at Tushita Retreat Center in Dharamsala, India.
In 1991, at the age of seven, Osel began his monastic education at Sera Je Monastery in southern India where he simultaneously received private tutoring in Western subjects. He continued his studies there until 2003, when he relocated to Victoria, British Columbia, to engage in a traditional Western education.
From 2004 to 2010, Osel pursued many creative interests while living around Europe, including a Master’s Degree in documentary film-making and completing two cooking courses. Additionally, he blossomed as a musician during this time.
Ёсэл учился в монастыре Сера на юге Индии. Фотопортрет, сделанный Мартиной Франк, принадлежит, видимо, к тому периоду.
Чтобы получить западное образование, юноша отправился в Британскую Колумбию (St. Michaels University School, Victoria, British Columbia).
И вот в 2009 году «24-летний Тензин Ёсэл Ринпоче (Tenzin Osel Rinpoche) не хочет быть Ламой, а под своим испанским именем Ёсэл Хита Торрес намерен учиться на режиссера».
Испанское издание El Mundo приводит слова юноши: «Меня отняли у семьи и поместили в средневековое окружение, что причинило мне много страданий. Это было похоже на жизнь во лжи».
В то же время, Осэл осудил раздутое прессой «сенсационное» внимание к произошедшему, отметив, что он и Фонд FPMT – неразделимы.
Отречение освященного тулку внесло замешательство в ряды участников «Фонда поддержки махаянской традиции» [в статье Time ошибка: Foundation for the Preservation of the Mahayana Tradition (FPMT)].
Tulkus often inherit considerable wealth and influence, and powerful monks will jockey to place their own candidates. The political needs of their lineage also figure. And sometimes the consensus-based system doesn't yield a clear winner: Tibetan history crackles with bloody battles between rival claimants or their camps.
None of this is unfamiliar to Western religious traditions. Roman Catholic Popes are supposedly chosen by the divine intervention of the Holy Spirit upon a conclave of cardinals — yet many have proven less than holy, and wars have been fought over successions. A bit like Catholics through the ages, says Baran, Tibetan Buddhists "assess a tulku's wisdom not by his title, but by his piety and learning." The monks try to pick the bright and promising children, he says; but Tibetans also assume the weeding-out function of the extensive tulku education: "no matter who they pick, the best and the brightest will surface in the course of the process."
By that logic, Hita simply weeded himself out. Robert Thurman, a Buddhist scholar, former monk and friend of the Dalai Lama, recounts that when told years ago that Hita was to receive a traditional Buddhist education in India he expressed concern.
Thurman's argument: "If he wanted Tibetan traditional [education] he could have reincarnated in a Tibetan family in exile." The result of the misplacement, he says, is that Hita "has broken away in a full-blown identity crisis." Thurman thinks that after some time in our "busy postmodern world," Hita may see the value of the Tibetan tradition, "which he will then be able to approach or not, of his own free choice." And, he adds, "More power to him!"
The person recognized as the incarnation of FPMT’s founder, Lama Thubten Yeshe, was in his early life known as Lama Osel. Today he prefers to be called simply “Osel”. Osel is completing a course of Western studies in Europe, at which he is doing extremely well. The following is a message from Osel in June 2009:
It is important to have a good experience of what life is. I have been really lucky to be able to experience both western and eastern cultures and I am so grateful to everyone who has helped me in both cultures. In combination, being in India and the West has been a rich experience that I’ve been privileged to absorb from both sides.
There were times in India when it was hard to accept the destiny. Being treated differently, and feeling apart. But that experience was really good and I so appreciate it.
However, certain media find ways to sensationalize and exaggerate an unusual story. So I hope that what appears in news print is not read and taken too literally. Don't believe everything that is written!
Experience shows that however hard one tries in interviews to sincerely and honestly convey key information, the printed result can tend towards sensationalism to get the most attention.
FPMT is doing a great job and Lama Zopa is an immensely special person - very inspiring and a great yogi.
Personally, my job is to find new ways in which to discover the true nature of our being. There is no separation between myself and FPMT - we are all working together in so many aspects and terrains. Humanity is our office. Besides, I don’t really qualify very much in Buddhist studies, because I didn’t finish them, so working together is the clue.
So I’m trying to find a different way for this future generation. One of the ways is through music, movies and audio-visual techniques. In a movie you can condense so many different stories. You can put in music, you can put in different situations and messages. Even just the sunset can be enough to give you peace to find a moment of meditation in yourself. There are so many different millions of possibilities in movies. And not just movies, but documentaries actually going somewhere and interviewing people who may have reached a level on their path where they are at peace with themselves, and so much more....!!!
That’s kind of what I’m planning to do. But it is one thing is to plan and another for things to actually happen. So we’re back to mental projections. But for now, that’s what I am hoping to do.
Q&A (pdf) 2009
A Spanish toddler identified as the reincarnation of a revered Buddhist lama spent his entire childhood in an Indian monastery. But at the age of 18 he returned to his family in Spain. Still hailed as a teacher, he is more comfortable on the beaches of Ibiza.
When he was two, Osel Hita Torres was enthroned as a reincarnated Tibetan Buddhist lama. He was dressed in robes and a yellow hat. Grown men prostrated themselves in front of him and asked for his blessing. No-one was allowed to show him affection unless he initiated it. He had his own special cutlery.
Even by Tibetan Buddhist standards, two was a young age for enthronement, and Osel was not even Tibetan - he is Spanish. We are speaking in Ibiza, in the courtyard to his mother's villa. Osel is 27 and no longer a lama. He has swapped the rigours of monastic life for playing the drums on the beach, and chilling to trance music.
He was born in Granada, the fifth child of Maria Torres. Maria had converted to Buddhism and was a follower of Thubten Yeshe, a charismatic and extrovert Tibetan lama who was travelling the West in the 1970s. Yeshe was no ordinary lama. He visited Disneyland and was half in love with Western culture. His young Western disciples were drawn by his Eastern exoticism. Some believed he could read their minds. But Lama Yeshe had heart problems, and he died in 1984 in a Los Angeles hospital, aged 49.
His followers were distraught. A few months later, Maria became pregnant with Osel.
In Tibetan Buddhism, lamas who achieved a high level of enlightenment are able to choose what happens after their death - whether to be reincarnated and, if so, where.
The conviction grew among Lama Yeshe's followers and former colleagues that Yeshe had chosen to be reincarnated in Spain, in little Osel.
They detected in Osel a certain meditative self-containment. The way he acted reminded them of Yeshe. A baby like Osel appeared in another lama's dreams.
Osel was taken to India for testing, where he picked out Lama Yeshe's former possessions, including his sunglasses. The Dalai Lama confirmed that Osel was Lama Yeshe's reincarnation.
When he was nine, he sent a cassette tape to his mother where he pleaded to be allowed to come back to Spain. Instead his father, Paco, went to live in the monastery with him, and his younger brother, Kunkyen, went to join him as a monk.
"When I turned 16-17, I was dying to get out."
The turning point came when he read Herman Hesse's Siddhartha, and he started to wonder whether he was a true Buddhist.
But the monastery wanted him to return.
"I got a huge amount of letters and phone calls, and people coming to visit me, just telling me that I made a big mistake, that I lost a huge opportunity, that was my destiny, my purpose, blah-blah-blah, whatever."
His future is uncertain, caught between cultures and traditions. He lives on Ibiza but Spanish is only his third language, after Tibetan and English. He has taught Tibetan classes, he doesn't have a full time job but has been making a documentary for the FPMT.
He and Kunkyen feature on a recording that combines Tibetan chanting with Western trance music. He seems to be moving back towards the FPMT and even talks about returning to head the organisation.
"Maybe when the spiritual director decides to retire, then I can take over. I'll probably just be maybe the co-ordinator. Not spiritual. I don't know, maybe some day. Slowly I am getting some interest towards Buddhism."